Understanding different types of skin discolorations and 5-steps to treat dark spots

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Understanding different types of skin discolorations and 5-steps to treat dark spots

Understanding different types of skin discolorations and 5-steps to treat dark spots
The causes of skin discoloration vary tremendously and may result from both internal and external factors. However, you can address the appearance of dark spots with targeted skincare solutions to brighten and even skin tone.

Let's understand more about different types of discolorations and their causes, and Kiehl's targeted skincare solutions to treat dark spots and discolorations accordingly.

1: Freckles

Freckles (sun spots) are related to genetics and sun exposure, when the skin is stimulated by UV rays, excess melanin will be produced and clustered together, forming freckles. Fair skin is more prone to have freckles, and freckles usually appear at areas that are more exposed to the sun, such as face, nose and forehead.

2: Melasma

After pregnancy, taking hormonal supplements or birth control pills, mood swings, overstressed and lack of sleep which affect endocrine levels, can all contribute to the formation of melasma. Melasma are irregular-shaped spots or patches in beige color, and usually appear on the face, cheek bones and forehead,

3: Acne marks

If you used to have acne on your face, a dark spot may appear after it heals. This is a discoloration that appear after the skin has been damaged by acne. Although acne marks will fade gradually with skin cell turnover, it usually takes a long time.

4: Hyperpigmentation

With age, the skin gradually loses collagen and its metabolism rate slows down, together with prolonged exposure to the sun, excess melanin will cluster together forming hyperpigmentation and cause uneven skin tone.

After understand the different types of discoloration and their causes, now let's see how to address them with Kiehl's targeted skincare solutions!
Step 1: Cleanse
Cleanse your skin thoroughly with Kiehl's Clearly Corrective™ Brightening & Exfoliating Daily Cleanser twice a day. The Peony Extract help brighten the skin, while the pearlstone powder and white birch extract can effectively remove dirt, pollutants, sunscreen products and cosmetics that remain on the skin.
Kiehl's Clearly Corrective Collection
Step 2: Tone
Next, use Clearly Corrective Brightening & Soothing Treatment Water, which contains a blend of activated C, white birch extract, and licorice root, for a more radiant and even-looking complexion. The lightweight, hydrating formula, also contains illuminating minerals which gives the skin a soft, natural-looking glow.
Step 3: Treat the spots
After cleanser and toner, gently apply Kiehl's Clearly Corrective™ Dark Spot Solution over the entire face and neck, then concentrate on spots or post-acne marks to correct visible discolorations.

This best-selling serum is formulated with stable ingredient Activated C, can effectively targets excess melanin with 5 actions: neutralizes, breaks down, prevents, interrupts, and decreases melanin production. Patented Proxylane can stimulate collagen production and strengthen the collagen network to reduce melanin leakage, for a plumped and radiant complexion. Dermatologist-recommended, the hydrating formula is suitable for all skin types including sensitive skin.
Kiehl's Clearly Corrective Dark Spot Solution
Step 4: Hydrate
After applying Kiehl's Clearly Corrective™ Dark Spot Solution, apply Kiehl's Clearly Corrective™ Brightening and Smoothing Moisture Treatment to hydrate, smooth, and brighten your skin.

Formulated with glycolic acid, this transformative textured cream can smooth skin texture for a brighter appearance. Together with Activated C, Peony Extract and White Birch Extract, it provides 24-hour hydration and improves uneven skin tone.
Step 5: Protect
UV rays are a major cause of skin aging and skin discoloration, so whether it's sunny or cloudy, be sure to use Kiehl's Dermatologist Solutions Ultra Light Daily UV Defense SPF50 PA++++ to stop the formation of excess melanin from the beginning.
Kiehl's Dermatologist Solutions Ultra Light Daily UV Defense SPF50 with UVA protection